Tuesday, 10 November 2015

Gulab Jamun(khoa)

A very Happy Deepawali to my viewers!

This is one of the favourite Indian sweet of my daughter!

Gulab jamun is made using khoa or milk powder or a mix of cottage cheese and khoa!

Khoa-200 gms,
Maida or all purpose flour-1/3 cup,
Baking pwd-1/4 tsp.

Ingredients for sugar syrup or chasni-
Sugar-2 cups,
Water-1 and 1/2 cup,
Cardamom pwd-1/4 tsp

Note -khoa can be made at home or purchased from the market.
Home made is soft in texture because it is freshly made.
Market ones are slightly dry and hard,but can be grated to make a smooth dough.
Home made are a little time consuming as the slow boiling of the milk takes time.(40 minutes to a hour)
I have made khoa using 1 litre of full cream milk and left it on stove to reduce to a thick consistency using a ladle to stir the milk and to avoid spilling or sticking at the bottom.
Once the milk has thickened,keep stirring until the milk has no moisture.

Close gas and leave it to cool.
Once it is at room temperature,scrap the sides and bottom and form a ball.
Khoa is ready!

Grate store bought  khoa to make it coarse in texture.

Take a bowl and mix all purpose flour or maida and baking pwd.

Add  khoa and knead for 5 minutes to make a smooth dough.

You can sprinkle little water to smooth the dough if it is too dry.
Once the dough is made cover and let it rest for 5 minutes.

Chasni or sugar syrup-
Take a pan and mix 1 and 1/2 cup of water and 2 cups of sugar.

Put on high heat and stir until sugar dissolves.
Once the sugar dissolves do not stir and let it boil for 5 to 7 minutes or until you get 1 thread consistency.

You can check by pressing a drop of the syrup between the  thumb and fore finger.
Once the sugar starts to coat the back of the spoon then the consistency is right.
Close gas and leave it aside.
Sprinkle cardamom pwd in the syrup to flavour the gulab jamuns.

Divide the khoa dough into 16 equal parts
Make small round balls or oblong ones keeping in mind that the surface should be smooth.

Heat a kadhai or a deep pan to fry the gulab jamuns.
You can fry one gulab jamun to test to see the texture and smoothness.It should not break and once fried and dropped in the syrup it is soft inside.

You can use ghee or refined oil.
The gulab jamuns have to fried in low heat and in 2 batches
Once the oil is slightly warm ,drop the balls in oil and do not stir.

The balls will sit at the bottom but as it starts to cook it will gradually come up and float on top.
Once it comes up stir the oil using a spatulla or wooden at the edges in circular motion.
This motion will make the gulab jamun move and fry evenly.
Once they evenly fried from all sides,take out and drop them in the chasni or sugar syrup.

The chasni should be warm and not to hot or cold.
If the oil is to hot for the next batch,then close gas for few minutes then fry the next batch on low heat.

Let the gulab jamun soak in the sugar syrup for 5 minutes.

If you plan to keep the gulab jamun in the fridge,then separate the gulab jamun from the syrup once they are soaked.
Keep them separately and warm them up before serving.

Makes 16 gulab jamuns!

Saturday, 7 November 2015

Tarte Tatin

Tarte Tatin is a delicious french dessert!

It is an upside down pastry in which the apples are caramelized in butter and sugar before the tart is baked.
you can use puff pastry or shortcrust pastry.
Golden delicious or granny smith apples are best for this recipe as they are tart and  firm. 

Golden delicious or granny smith-5 to 6 large ones -peeled,cored and quartered( you need to tightly place quartered apples in your baking dish. If put loosely the apples will fall apart once you turn it upside down)
Brown sugar-2 tbsp,
Juice of 1/2 lemon or 1 tbsp,
Cinnamon pwd-1 tsp,
Nutmeg pwd-1/4 tsp,
Butter-1/4 cup -room temperature.

Shortcrust pastry-
All purpose flour-1 and 1/4 cup,
Salted butter-100 gms or 1/2 stick-cold and cut into small squares,
Sugar-1 tsp,
Cold water 2 tbsp.

This dessert can be made in cast iron skillet which can be directly baked in the oven or 8 or 9 inch baking pan whose sides are high  of 2 and 1/2 inches.  

Method:Shortcrust pastry
(You can make this pastry crust a day in advance.Make a disc shape and then wrap it in a cling film and keep it in the fridge.
If it becomes hard just beat it with a rolling pin to make it soft to roll it)

Take a bowl and put 1 and 1/4 cup flour in it.

Add sugar and mix with wire whisk.

Add the cold butter and using your finger tips crush the cold butter to make a coarse crumb.

Gradually add cold water to make a firm dough.

The dough is soft and buttery.

Gather into a ball.

Place it on a cling film and then gently press and shape into a disc.

Cover and put in the fridge for the dough to firm up.

Caramel and apple filling.
Grease the baking pan with butter and place the softened butter leaving a few tsp in the cup.
Spread 1/2 cup of granulated sugar.

Wash and wipe dry the apples.
Peel and core the apples.

Cut into quarters and discarding the innner  hard core.
Place the cut apples in a bowl.
Squeeze lemon juice,cinnamon pwd,nutmeg pwd and 2 tsp of brown sugar.

Place the apples tightly in the pan.

Pre heat oven to 200 C
Place  the pan on medium high heat on the stovetop.
Let it boil for 10 minutes or till the sugar turns into amber colour

As the caramelization is taking place roll out the pastry dough into a 10 inch circle.

It does not have to be a round circle as the extra dough will be tucked in.
Since the dough is buttery use a cling film on top and bottom to roll out the dough.
Place it on a plate and put it in the fridge back.
Once the sugar turns amber,close gas and place the hot pan on a baking tray.
Roll out the pastry dough on a rolling pin and gently cover  the apples.
Tuck the extra dough inside.Make slits using a knife.

 Bake for  40 minutes.
If the top crust has slightly browned then take out the tray from the oven.
If the crust needs to brown then after 40 minutes switch off the lower heat and turn on  the top heat  for the top  crust to brown slightly.
It will take just 3 to 4 minutes for the crust to brown.

Remove the tray and place the pan on wire rack.
Always use a bigger plate for the upside down turning as it might cause a serious burn from  the hot caramel.
After few minutes place a big plate on the pan and with a help of a towel turn it upside down.

Remove the pan and let the tart cool before slicing.

Makes for 8 serving.
Leftovers can be covered and kept in he fridge.

Monday, 21 September 2015

Shikampuri Kebab

This is a delicious kebab from the Royal kitchens of Hyderabad!

The kebab has a filling of hung yogurt, mint and onions!

Recipe of Chef Kunal Kapoor!

Boneless meat-1/2 kg cut into small pieces,
Ginger -1 inch chopped into small pieces,
Garlic-1 small pod or 6 to 7 big pieces-chopped,
Bay leaves-2
Shah jeera or black cumin-1 tsp,
Cumin or jeera-1 tsp,
Black cardamom-2,
White cardamom-5,
Black pepper- 1 tsp,
Clove-3 to 4,
Whole red chilli-1 to 2 (according to your taste),
Green chilli-1,
Red chilli pwd-1/4 tsp,
Onions-2 chopped,
Yellow gram dal or chana dal-100 gms-soak in water for 2 hours,
Turmeric pwd or haldi pwd-1/2 tsp,
Coriander pwd-1 tsp,
Oil-2 tbsp,
Salt-3/4 tsp or according to taste-you can always adjust salt while grinding.
Water-1/4 cup.

Kebab filling-
Hung yogurt- 3 to 4 tbsp( Hang 1 cup of thick yogurt in a muslin cloth for 2 hours and you will get hung curd),
Fresh mint leaves-8 to 10,
Green chilli-1-deseeded and finely chopped)
Onion-1 small chopped into small pieces,
Salt -a pinch.

Method:I have boiled the meat in cooker to save time.
You can boil it in a pan.
If using a pan,add 1 cup of water to the meat.

Wash the boneless meat and leave it in a strainer for few minutes for the water to drain out.
Chop the meat into small pieces.
Take a bowl and put  meat and then add bay leaves,cloves,black and white cardamom,white and black cumin,black pepper corn,whole red chilli,green chilli,chopped onions,ginger and chopped garlic,turmeric pwd,red chilli pwd,coriander pwd,salt,soaked gram or chana dal and oil.

Mix all and put in the cooker or pot in which you plan to cook the meat.

Add 1/4 cup of water if using a cooker or 1 cup if using a pan to boil the meat mixture,

Cover and let it cook on high heat till the cooker gives out 1 whistle and then lower the heat for 20 minutes.

If using  a pan then let it cook in simmer until the meat is tender.
Keep checking so that it does not stick at the bottom.

Once the meat is tender,dry any water if left in the cooker

Use a ladle to crush the cooked meat to a paste.

Leave it to cool.
The mixture will be gooey but as it cools it will become more firm.
Discard the bay leaves, big cardamom and cloves.
Grind the mixture to a smooth.

Use small quantity while grinding the meat mixture as large quantity will be difficult to grind.
Once grinded,mix the whole mixture by hand and evenly divide it into 10 balls.

Filling-  Take 3 to 4 tbsp of hung curd in a bowl and smooth it with a spoon.
Tear the mint leaves into small pieces and mix it with hung curd.
Add chopped onions and a pinch of salt.
Slit green chilli and deseed it.

Chop finely and mix it with yogurt mixture.

Make round balls.
 Take one ball and then make a well in the center by cupping it in your hand.

 Fill 1 tsp of mixed yogurt mixture and close it from the top.
Give it a shape by slightly patting it.
Place it horizontally on the cutting board and roll it to give the edges its shape.
Place the filled kebab in the fridge for 10 minutes to firm up.
 Heat 2 tbsp of oil in a flat pan and shallow fry both sides on medium heat.

Serve with hung yogurt and topped with fresh mint leaves.

Makes 10 Shikampuri kebabs!

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